VIKTOR FRANKL - EXISTENTIAL LOGOTHERAPY
Phenomenology is the basis of existential therapy, a therapy that views a person's awareness as more important than genetics. Logotherapy finds healing through the discovery of meaning. The goal of existential therapy is for the client to comprehend his/or her own being and work to know the meaning of life's situations. In addition to Viktor Frankl, Rollo May and Irving Yalom are leaders in the movement.
In order to grasp existential therapy, three words must be understood: "Mitwelt", "Umwelt", and "Eigenwelt".
1. "Mitwelt refers to one's relationship with other people
2. "Umwelt" refers to one's relationship with the environment
3. "Eigenwelt" refers to one's relationship with himself/or herself. In German, the word literally means self-world.
Phenomenology is the direct study of experiences taken at face value. Each person is viewed as having freedom to make decisions and as being responsible for those decisions.
Dimensions of the human condition:
1. Each person has the capacity for self-awareness.
2. Freedom is given for responsibility.
3. Discovering one's identity and establishing meaningful relationships with others is possible.
4. The search for meaning, purpose, values, and goals is part of life.
5. Anxiety is a normal part of life and has the ability to promote growth.
6. An awareness of death exists within each person.
Goals of existential therapy:
1. Increase the client's awareness and understanding of goals, purposes, and responsibility for personal actions
2. Acceptance of freedom
3. Use of normal anxiety to promote growth